Questa settimana abbiamo scelto una foto di @bizeta scattata in una delle delle torri del #MuseodelleMura a Porta #SanSebastiano. These political and ideological motives then influence and guide the creation of his program of monumental art and architecture. They represent the four State cults: Mars, Quirinus, Deified Julius Caesar (in the background, the 9th head), and Jupiter (the one with the thin stick in his right hand, the 10th head). The festivities of the Roman state religion were steeped in tradition and ritual symbolism. The lower-left panel on the Public Front (1st photo below) has: two small birds facing each other (2nd photo below) just to the right of center, slightly below the center of the panel; a snail to their lower-right (3rd photo below); a scorpion and a worm (4th photo below) on the acanthus leaves at the bottom, below that snail; and a salamander and a frog (5th photo below) on the bottom acanthus leaves to the left of center, balancing the scorpion and worm. Obviously, very little original material from this frieze has been found; most of this is a sketch, with the few originals placed at their proper location. Or as argued in The Parthians in Augustan Rome, he might be a Gallic (French) child, balancing the Parthian (eastern) child on the Side With Augustus with a western (Gallic) child. Se si fa eccezione per gli ingressi, che nel caso dell'Ara Pacis sono due, questa descrizione si adatta particolarmente bene a questo monumento e alla sua decorazione interna che, nella parte inferiore, rappresenta il tavolato di legno che, nei templi arcaici, delimitava lo spazio "inaugurato" con formule sacre. From the acanthus' spirals ivy leaves grow, as well as laurel and vines, tendrils and palmettes branch off, and flowers blossom as the stalks taper away, curling into spirals. The relief on the upper-right of the Ceremonial Entrance is the most complete of the four upper reliefs surrounding the entrances to the Ara Pacis. Brewminate uses Infolinks and is an Amazon Associate with links to items available there. Between Antonia the Elder and him are their children Domitia (the taller of the two children, on the right) and Gneus Domitian Enobarbus, the future father of Nero. The first 1-3/4 closeup photos are very fragmented. The rex sacrorum (a high priest) is close behind him. It was consecrated after 4 years of construction on January 30, 9 BC to celebrate the peace and prosperity (the Pax Augusta) in the Roman Empire after Augustus' victories, The figures in this final third of the panel are thought to be members of Augustus' family, but are not securely identified. The messages of the Pax Romana, of a restored state, and of Augustus as a leading republican citizen, are all part of an effective and carefully constructed veneer. Museo dell'Ara Pacis, Lungotevere in Augusta corner to via Tomacelli) - 00100 Roma (RM) - Tel.+39 060608 - Email: [email protected], Museo di Scultura Antica Giovanni Barracco, Museo della Repubblica Romana e della memoria garibaldina, Attraverso uno stretto passaggio con una curiosa loggetta chiusa da una bella vetrata a tortiglioni, si giunge all'ultima stanza della #CasinaDelleCivette, aggiunta alla costruzione da Vincenzo Fasolo nell'ultima fase di ampliamento, datata 1918-19. L'interno del recinto si presenta, come l'esterno, diviso in due zone sovrapposte e separate da una fascia decorata a palmette. Se si fa eccezione per gli ingressi, che nel caso dell'Ara Pacis sono due, questa descrizione si adatta particolarmente bene a questo monumento e alla sua decorazione interna che, nella parte inferiore, rappresenta il tavolato di legno che, nei templi arcaici, delimitava lo spazio "inaugurato" con formule sacre. The shrine above them in the background has two seated male figures inside. The Ceremonial Front is the side of the Ara Pacis with an entrance which has steps (see photo below). After securing peace with Rome's neighbors, the Sabines, the doors of the temple were closed, and remained so for the entire duration of Numa's reign, a unique case in Roman history. The goddess sits on a rock, dressed in a lightweight loose-fitting garment (a chiton). Augustus had a strong interest in reshaping the Roman world (with him as the sole leader), but had to be cautious about how radical those changes seemed to the Roman populace. The people in that region are lictors, the emperor's bodyguards. On the upper register of the Side With Augustus (1st and 2nd photos below) and the Side Opposite Augustus (3rd and 4th photos below), two dense crowds of people are shown, moving from the Public Approach Front toward the Ceremonial Front of the precinct. It is believed that this is another flaw in the rushed reconstruction of 1939, that a panel is missing here, and that the sparse fragments at the left edge of this frieze should be closer together. Nel registro inferiore la decorazione, semplificata, sembra riprodurre il motivo delle assi del recinto in legno che delimitava lo spazio sacro; il registro superiore invece è arricchito da un motivo di festoni e bucrani (teschi animali) intervallati da paterae o coppe rituali. The man she is looking at, behind her, is her husband and Germanicus' father, Drusus. The interior is decorated with pilasters (square columns attached to the wall), topped with Corinthian capitals. The Ara Pacis Augustae (Latin, "Altar of Augustan Peace"; commonly shortened to Ara Pacis) is an altar in Rome dedicated to Pax, the Roman goddess of Peace.The monument was commissioned by the Roman Senate on July 4, 13 BC to honour the return of Augustus to Rome after three years in Hispania and Gaul and consecrated on January 30, 9 BC. They were identified in the 19th century as belonging to the same monument. To avoid the confusion of these differing directions, my photographs and description are identified using the Name (third column) in the table below. The south wall of the exterior screen depicts Augustus and his immediate family. The procession begins, on both sides of the enclosure, with the lictors, followed by members of the great priestly schools and perhaps by the consuls. Interno | Museo dell'Ara Pacis it en fr es What was the Pax Romana? Originally located on the northern outskirts of Rome, a Roman mile from the boundary of the pomerium on the west side of the Via Flaminia, the Ara Pacis stood in the northeaste… a scene of a bearded male making sacrifice (below), a scene of seated female goddess amid the fertility of Italy (also below), Nancy de Grummond, “Pax Augusta and the Horae on the Ara Pacis Augustae,”, Peter Heslin, “Augustus, Domitian and the So-called Horologium Augusti,”, P. J. Holliday, “Time, History, and Ritual on the Ara Pacis Augustae,”, Gerhard M. Koeppel, “The Grand Pictorial Tradition of Roman Historical Representation during the Early Empire,”, Gerhard M. Koeppel, “The Role of Pictorial Models in the Creation of the Historical Relief during the Age of Augustus,” in, Paul Rehak, “Aeneas or Numa? Nel registro inferiore la decorazione, semplificata, sembra riprodurre il motivo delle assi del recinto in legno che delimitava lo spazio sacro; il registro superiore invece è arricchito da un motivo di festoni e bucrani (teschi animali) intervallati da paterae o coppe rituali. L'Ara Pacis si racconta grazie alla tecnologia del Google Arts & Culture, Le storie di Porta Nomentana: 2. Here they are shown, in order of decreasing height and presumably age, flanked by male figures, preparing a religious sacrifice. The Via Flaminia was the main public avenue which the Ara Pacis was situated along, so was the side the public approached from. The procession here is walking from the left (public approach front) to the right (ceremonial front), so we'll start on the right side of this frieze, which is the front of the procession, which is the 6th photo below. In all, whether the goddess is taken as Tellus or Pax, the theme stressed is the harmony and abundance of Italy, a theme central to Augustus’ message of a restored peaceful state for the Roman people—the Pax Romana. The revival of the glory of ancient Rome was central to the propaganda of the Fascist regime in Italy during the 1930s. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. L'interno del recinto si presenta, come l'esterno, diviso in due zone sovrapposte e separate da una fascia decorata a palmette: nel registro inferiore la decorazione, semplificata, sembra riprodurre il motivo delle assi del recinto in legno che delimitava lo spazio sacro; il registro superiore invece è arricchito da un motivo di festoni e bucrani (teschi animali) intervallati da paterae o coppe rituali. In 1903 the excavations were continued when the reliefs were identified as part of the Ara Pacis mentioned in Augustus' memoirs. On the Ara Pacis, Gaius is turned toward the rear of the procession, looking at the woman behind him who is either Julia, his mother, or Livia, his grandmother. On the outside of the left support a procession of three animals has survived, an ox, bull, and ram being led to the sacrifice by twelve adepts (victimarii) in short tunics (1st and 2nd photos below). This complex of Augustan monuments made a clear statement about Augustus’ physical transformation of Rome’s urban landscape. Al suo interno, l’altare celebrativo della Pace augustea è stato restituito al pubblico dopo un lungo periodo di inaccessibilità. The dedication to a rather abstract notion of peace (pax) is significant in that Augustus advertises the fact that he has restored peace to the Roman state after a long period of internal and external turmoil. Today they're plain white (as are most of the statues), but the Museum of Ara Pacis occasionally holds a special event during the evening in which the theorized original colors are projected onto the Ara Pacis. The figures all advance toward the west. The two side supports are decorated with acroteria, floral volutes and winged lions. The idea is supported by the presence of a young acolyte in the rite (camillus) who is carrying a tray of fruit and bread and, in his right hand, a jug. Augustus and Agrippa are veiled, signifying that they are acting in their official capacity as priests, ready to perform a sacrifice. At the center of the Ara Pacis is the altar table on which animal carcasses and wine were offered to the gods (1st photo below). Seguendo gli hashtag #cineCampidoglio e #setCampidoglio è stato ed è ancora possibile scoprire tutte le occasioni in cui il… Continua a leggere , Qual è la trama che rende il tessuto dell’essere umano così pieno di fili inestricabili, connessi l’uno all’altro a formare un disegno al contempo splendido e tragico? The Ara Pacis Augustae continues to engage us and to incite controversy. Questa settimana abbiamo scelto una foto di @bizeta scattata in una delle delle torri del #MuseodelleMura a Porta #SanSebastiano. Only the left half of his body remains; the right half is lost to time. Although von Duhn reached this conclusion by 1881, excavations were not resumed until 1903, at which time the total number of recovered fragments reached 53, after which the excavation was again halted due to difficult conditions. Unfortunately, this reconstruction was rushed to completion by Mussolini, resulting in some errors. The great new shrine of white marble and glass, inaugurated in 2006, has the function to protect the monument and also houses a museum. The famous Res Gestae Divi Augusti (“Deeds of the Divine Augustus”) was re-created on the wall of the altar’s pavilion. In the lower register the decoration seems to use as a motif a simplified version of the planks from the wooden enclosures which marked out the sacred space; the higher register, however, is richly adorned with festoons and bucranes (animal skulls), interspersed with paterae and ritual cups. One of the seven is not shown since he would be in the gap in the frieze. By Dr. Jeffrey A. BeckerVisiting Assistant Professor Classical and Near Eastern StudiesBinghamton UniversityState University of New York. Some content is licensed under a Creative Commons license, and other content is completely copyright-protected. These motifs also are related to the decoration that was placed above the wooden enclosure, in this case garlands heavily weighed down with ears of corn, with berries and fruits of every season, wild and cultivated, attached to the supports by means of ribbons and sacred fillets. This entrance was only used by priests, never by the public. The child just on her right might be Lucius Caesar. Incontri per docenti e studenti universitari, L'Ara Pacis si racconta grazie alla tecnologia del Google Arts & Culture, Le storie di Porta Nomentana: 2. For example, the lower-right panel has a bird facing left, standing on a leaf (1st photo below), near the upper-right corner of the panel (2nd photo below). Se si fa eccezione per gli ingressi, che nel caso dell'Ara Pacis sono due, questa descrizione si adatta particolarmente bene a questo monumento e alla sua decorazione interna che, nella parte inferiore, rappresenta il tavolato di legno che, nei templi arcaici, delimitava lo spazio "inaugurato" con formule sacre. These initial fragments came to be dispersed among various museums, including the Villa Medici, the Vatican Museums, the Louvre, and the Uffizi. It's located near the upper-right corner of the lower-right panel of the Ceremonial Front of the Ara Pacis, Lower-right panel of the Ceremonial Front of the Ara Pacis, Lower-left panel of the Ceremonial Front of the Ara Pacis, The border between the upper and lower registers of the exterior of the precinct of the Ara Pacis, The Public Approach Front of the Ara Pacis (Altar of Peace), Tellus panel at the upper-left corner of the Public Front of the Ara Pacis, Plaster cast of a female statue from the Forum of Cumae, from the Augustan age, similar to the that on the Tellus panel of the Ara Pacis, in the Ara Pacis Museum, Roma panel at the upper-right corner of the Public Front of the Ara Pacis, Lower-left corner of the Public Front of the Ara Pacis, Two small birds facing each other just to the right of center, slightly below the center of the lower-left panel on the Public Approach Front of the Ara Pacis, A snail to the lower right of the two small birds facing each other just to the right of center, slightly below the center of the lower-left panel on the Public Approach Front of the Ara Pacis, A scorpion and a worm on the acanthus leaves at the bottom of the lower-left panel on the Public Approach Front of the Ara Pacis, A salamander and a frog on the bottom acanthus leaves to the left of center of the lower-left panel on the Public Approach Front of the Ara Pacis, Lower-right panel of the Public Front of the Ara Pacis, A grasshopper to the left of the stalk just above the acanthus leaves of the lower-right panel on the Public Approach Front of the Ara Pacis, A bird to the right of the stalk just above the acanthus leaves of the lower-right panel on the Public Approach Front of the Ara Pacis, A bird at the bottom of the stalk of the lower-right panel on the Public Approach Front of the Ara Pacis, with a grasshopper below it, A worm to the left of the bird at the bottom of the stalk of the lower-right panel on the Public Approach Front of the Ara Pacis, The Side With Augustus and the corner of the Public Approach Front of the Ara Pacis (Altar of Peace), The Side Opposite Augustus of the Ara Pacis, The Side Opposite Augustus on a model of the Ara Pacis, 1st of 6 parts of the upper register of the Side With Augustus of the Ara Pacis, 2nd of 6 parts of the upper register of the Side With Augustus of the Ara Pacis, 3rd of 6 parts of the upper register of the Side With Augustus of the Ara Pacis, 4th of 6 parts of the upper register of the Side With Augustus of the Ara Pacis, 5th of 6 parts of the upper register of the Side With Augustus of the Ara Pacis, 6th of 6 parts of the upper register of the Side With Augustus of the Ara Pacis, 1st of 6 parts of the upper register of the Side Opposite Augustus of the Ara Pacis, 2nd of 6 parts of the upper register of the Side Opposite Augustus of the Ara Pacis, 3rd of 6 parts of the upper register of the Side Opposite Augustus of the Ara Pacis, 4th of 6 parts of the upper register of the Side Opposite Augustus of the Ara Pacis, 5th of 6 parts of the upper register of the Side Opposite Augustus of the Ara Pacis, 6th of 6 parts of the upper register of the Side Opposite Augustus of the Ara Pacis, Ara Pacis - Side Opposite Augustus, including lower register, A snake attacking a nest of baby birds, with a lizard above, a single bird escaping the nest to the right, on the lower register of the Side Opposite Augustus of the Ara Pacis, 1st of 4 panels in the lower register of the Side with Augustus of the Ara Pacis, in the Ara Pacis Museum, 2nd of 4 panels in the lower register of the Side with Augustus of the Ara Pacis, in the Ara Pacis Museum, 3rd of 4 panels in the lower register of the Side with Augustus of the Ara Pacis, in the Ara Pacis Museum, 4th of 4 panels in the lower register of the Side with Augustus of the Ara Pacis, in the Ara Pacis Museum, Decoration in the lower register of the inside of the precinct of the Ara Pacis, Decoration in the upper register of the inside of the precinct of the Ara Pacis, Decoration in the upper register of a corner of the inside of the precinct of the Ara Pacis, Ara Pacis - drain holes for blood and rainwater, shown from the inside, Drains for blood and rainwater near the bottom of the outside of the Ara Pacis, Ara Pacis - interior of Altar - side showing the 6 Vestals, Upper-left part of the front of the central altar in the Ara Pacis, Frieze in the upper-left part of the front of the central altar in the Ara Pacis, Upper-right part of the front of the central altar in the Ara Pacis, Left half of the top of the rear of the central altar of the Ara Pacis, Top of the rear of the central altar of the Ara Pacis, Right half of the top of the rear of the central altar of the Ara Pacis, Outside of the left side of the central altar of the Ara Pacis, Closeup of the Roman calendar (Fasti Praenestini) from 6-10 AD, in the Palazzo Massimo. Some of the coins that show the Ara Pacis show the upper entabulature (the topmost band running around the monument) was taller and flared outward much more than the reconstruction shows. It is the head of a young man, found in 1859. It now stands in a dedicated museum next to the Mausoleum of Augustus. Two people behind Julia or Livia is a seam in the reconstruction that doesn't quite match properly. This panel is recreated in its original color beauty 2/3 of the way down the page at Art and Architecture of Ancient Rome. The left-most portion of the frieze consists of members of the imperial family. It faced away from the Via Flaminia, toward the Campus Martius. This excavation was mandated by the order of the Italian government of Benito Mussolini and his planned jubilee in 1938 that was designed to commemorate the 2,000th anniversary of Augustus’ birth. Reading from the right, the first two foreground figures are lictors (bodyguards), carrying fasces (bundles of rods symbolizing how unity brings strength, the source of the modern word "fascism"). Above this rises the altar table, closed between a shelf on each side. This panel is also recreated in its original color beauty 2/3 of the way down the page at Art and Architecture of Ancient Rome.
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