0039 05228211 [email protected] Tempo di risposta: 104 ms. Parole frequenti: 1-300, 301-600, 601-900, Altro, Espressioni brevi frequenti: 1-400, 401-800, 801-1200, Altro, Espressioni lunghe frequenti: 1-400, 401-800, 801-1200, Altro. Mel Fisher and his company discovered the wreck July 20, 1985. [77] Three days before the assassination attempt, on 17 July, Rommel's staff car was strafed by an Allied aircraft in France; he was hospitalised with major injuries and incapacitated on 20 July. The "first official memorial service for the resistance fighters of July 20" was held on the tenth anniversary in 1954. [28], Previously, it was believed that Stauffenberg was mainly responsible for the Valkyrie plan, but documents recovered by the Soviet Union after the war and released in 2007 suggest that the plan was developed by Tresckow by autumn of 1943. Sant’Aurelio di Cartagine, vescovo Accadde oggi: diamo insieme uno sguardo ai principali eventi e ricorrenze riconducibili alla giornata di oggi, 20 luglio. Nothing very unusual -- it just threw a filament. [citation needed], While the main goal of the plotters was to remove Hitler from power, they did so for various reasons. Despite protests from Remer (who had been ordered by Hitler to arrest the conspirators alive), at 00:10 on 21 July the four officers were executed in the courtyard outside, possibly to prevent them from revealing Fromm's involvement. [38] Stauffenberg, upon witnessing the explosion and smoke, erroneously assumed that Hitler was truly dead. Lo Spezia Calcio vince il Campionato Alta Italia 1944 2001 – Genova: Durante scontri in piazza in occasione del G8 viene ucciso Carlo Giuliani, con un colpo di pistola dal carabiniere Mario Placanica Juli 1944 und die Thesen Christian Gerlachs, "Operation Valkyrie – The "July Plot" to Assassinate Hitler | Jewish Virtual Library", German Opposition to Hitler and the Assassination Attempt of July 20, 1944, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=20_July_plot&oldid=989054239, Improvised explosive device bombings in Europe, Articles with dead external links from July 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from April 2018, Articles needing additional references from June 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from July 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Carsten, F. L. "The German Generals and Hitler", This page was last edited on 16 November 2020, at 20:07. Juli 1944.jpg, Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1972-025-64, Hitler-Attentat, 20. Encyclopedia of Contemporary German Culture, "The heroes of West German accounts at this time were the men involved in the largely conservative, nationalist resistance of the July Plot of 1944. Accadde oggi: diamo insieme uno sguardo ai principali eventi e ricorrenze riconducibili alla giornata di oggi, 20 luglio. Viene fondata Carmen de Carupa in Colombia Allied radio stations also speculated on who the possible remaining suspects could be, many of which were eventually implicated in the plot. Hence, Orbach concludes that Gerlach's thesis on the German resistance is highly unreliable. Over the following weeks, Himmler's Gestapo, driven by a furious Hitler, rounded up nearly everyone who had the remotest connection with the plot. Un frate venne assolto forse per evitare un coinvolgimento diretto della Chiesa cattolica. [citation needed], In August and September 1943, Tresckow drafted the "revised" Valkyrie plan and new supplementary orders. Linking this asset to Tresckow's resistance group in Army Group Centre created a viable coup apparatus. With this in mind, he committed suicide on 14 October 1944. Major Remer ordered his troops to surround and seal off the Bendlerblock, but not to enter the buildings. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. By the summer of 1944, the Gestapo was closing in on the conspirators. 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Peter Hoffmann, Carl Goerdeler and the Jewish question, 1933–1942, Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2011, xvi. I nostri interlocutori sono i giovani, la nostra mission è valorizzarne la motivazione e la competenza per creare e dare vita ad un nuovo modo di “pensare” il giornalismo. It is presumed that Colonel Heinz Brandt, who was standing next to Hitler, used his foot to move the briefcase aside by pushing it behind the leg of the conference table,[37] thus unwittingly deflecting the blast from Hitler but causing the loss of one of his legs and his own demise when the bomb detonated. Santa Maria Zhou Wuzhi, martire Tresckow systematically recruited oppositionists into the Group's staff, making it the nerve centre of the army resistance. Stauffenberg was seen leaving the conference building by Kurt Salterberg, a soldier on guard duty who did not consider this out of the ordinary as attendees sometimes left to collect documents. Ci sono circa 980 voci su persone nate il 20 luglio; vedi la pagina Nati il 20 luglio per un elenco descrittivo o la categoria Nati il 20 luglio per un indice alfabetico. Questo sito usa Akismet per ridurre lo spam. "Faith and Democracy: Political Transformations at the German Protestant Kirchentag", 1949—1969 Benjamin Carl Pearson 2007 Moltke also believed killing Hitler would be hypocritical: Hitler and National Socialism had turned wrongdoing into a system, something which the resistance should avoid. San Cassiano di San Saba, abate [94] As of 2014, the resistance fighters are generally considered heroes in Germany, according to Deutsche Welle. 1964 – Guerra del Vietnam – le forze Viet Cong attaccano Cai Be, la capitale della Provincia di Dinh Tuong, uccidendo 11 soldati sudvietnamiti e 40 civili (30 dei quali sono bambini) At around 18:10, the commander of Military District III (Berlin), General Joachim von Kortzfleisch, was summoned to the Bendlerblock; he angrily refused Olbricht's orders, kept shouting "the Führer is alive",[47] was arrested and was held under guard. Severely wounded in North Africa, Claus von Stauffenberg was a political conservative and zealous German nationalist. [46] At 20:00 a furious Witzleben arrived at the Bendlerblock and had a bitter argument with Stauffenberg, who was still insisting that the coup could go ahead. From early 1942, he had come to share two basic convictions with many military officers: that Germany was being led to disaster and that Hitler's removal from power was necessary. Eventi storici While acknowledging that Tresckow and other 20 July conspirators had been involved in war crimes, Arnold writes that Gerlach's argument is oversimplified. 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On 14 July Stauffenberg attended Hitler's conferences carrying a bomb in his briefcase, but because the conspirators had decided that Heinrich Himmler and Hermann Göring should be killed simultaneously if the planned mobilisation of Operation Valkyrie was to have a chance to succeed, he held back at the last minute because Himmler was not present. 1948 – Guerra fredda: il presidente statunitense Harry Truman istituisce il primo arruolamento di leva in tempo di pace degli Stati Uniti, in un periodo di crescente tensione con l’Unione Sovietica. The vacillating General Fromm, however, phoned Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel at the Wolf's Lair and was assured that Hitler was alive. Matrimoni omosessuali nella Roma del tardo Cinquecento su un passo del "Journal" di Montaigne, https://it.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=20_luglio&oldid=116531303, licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione-Condividi allo stesso modo. Giuseppe Bonaparte che si era insediato a Madrid dopo la vittoria del 14 luglio è costretto ad abbandonare la città. [Then,] even if it fails, we must take action in Berlin. Executions continued to the last days of the war. Sant’Elia, profeta Ecco i prodotti scontati e da non perdere fino al 5 Novembre... Quando si visita qualsiasi sito web, questo può memorizzare o recuperare informazioni sul tuo browser, in gran parte sotto forma di cookie. These included General Carl-Heinrich von Stülpnagel, the German military commander in France, who would take control in Paris when Hitler was killed, and it was hoped, negotiate an immediate armistice with the invading Allied armies. [53] Many people took their own lives prior to either their trial or their execution, including Kluge, who was accused of having knowledge of the plot beforehand and not revealing it to Hitler. Altre due persone collaborarono solertemente ed evitarono la morte. Moltke was against killing Hitler; instead, he wanted him placed on trial. Hamilton si prende anche le briciole e si emoziona come la prima volta This position enabled Stauffenberg to attend Hitler's military conferences, either at the Wolfsschanze in East Prussia or at Berchtesgaden, and would thus give him an opportunity, perhaps the last that would present itself, to kill Hitler with a bomb or a pistol. Attualità 14 Luglio, 2020 United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres has appointed Alice Shackelford of Italy as the Organization’s... Continua a leggere Non si ha traccia di un eventuale processo parallelo. Operation Valkyrie would be mobilised, the Reserve Army would take control of Germany and the other Nazi leaders would be arrested. With this in mind, he opted to give Rommel the option of suicide via cyanide or a public trial by Freisler's People's Court. [9], During 1942, Oster and Tresckow nevertheless succeeded in rebuilding an effective resistance network. [53] The officers involved in the plot were "tried" before the Court of Military Honour, a drumhead court-martial that merely considered the evidence furnished to it by the Gestapo before expelling the accused from the Army in disgrace and handing them over to the People's Court. 1974 – Guerra del luglio 1974: Le forze turche invadono Cipro © 2013-2020 Reverso Technologies Inc. Tutti i diritti riservati. Assistente Legale : Avv.to Luca Zuppelli, Via Moretto 70 Brescia Tel. Wilhelm, Crown Prince of Germany was also under suspicion as he was touted to be head of state after Hitler. The bomb failed to detonate, and a second attempt a week later with Hitler at an exhibition of captured Soviet weaponry in Berlin also failed. Goerdeler was apparently also in indirect contact with Himmler via a mutual acquaintance, Carl Langbehn. 555 – Verona, dopo due anni di resistenza, cade sotto il dominio dell’impero bizantino Il Covid-19 continua a destare preoccupazione in Italia.... Covid, salgono a 9 le regioni in zona arancione con l'ingresso di Emilia-Romagna, Friuli e Marche. Witzleben was a field marshal, but had not been on active duty since 1942. Più funzioni. Compared to that, nothing else matters."[18]. Toward the middle of 2012, a long standing solar filament suddenly erupted into space producing … He was executed in Brandenburg an der Havel. Such actions lead historians to question the motives of the plotters, which seemed more concerned with the military situation than with Nazi atrocities and German war crimes. This can be found in. After the war, his widow maintained that he believed an assassination attempt would spark a civil war. 1808:Giuseppe Bonaparte che si era insediato a Madrid dopo la vittoria del 14 luglio è costretto ad abbandonare la città. More than 20 people were injured with three officers later perishing. Speidel met with former foreign minister Konstantin von Neurath and Strölin on 27 May in Germany, ostensibly at Rommel's request, although the latter was not present. Their most important recruit was General Friedrich Olbricht, head of the General Army Office headquarters at the Bendlerblock in central Berlin, who controlled an independent system of communications to reserve units throughout Germany. Utilizziamo cookie e tag per fornire all’utente un’esperienza online ottimale, messaggi commerciali in linea con i suoi interessi, pubblicità basate sul suo comportamento online, per finalità statistiche e di rilevamento. 1940 – La rivista Billboard pubblica la sua prima “Hit Parade” [34] The detonator consisted of a thin copper tube containing cupric chloride that would take about ten minutes to silently eat through wire holding back the firing pin from the percussion cap. Kętrzyn. Online il trailer, Grey’s Anatomy riparte dal ritorno di Patrick Dempsey, Amazon Decorazioni, occasioni a prezzi bassi fino al 19 Novembre 2020, Amazon Gioielli, le occasioni da non perdere fino al 17 Novembre 2020, Amazon Decorazioni, occasioni a prezzi bassi fino al 12 Novembre 2020, Amazon Gioielli, le occasioni da non perdere fino al 10 Novembre 2020, Amazon Decorazioni, occasioni a prezzi bassi fino al 5 Novembre 2020, Informazioni su proprietà e finanziamento. ^ L’episodio è raccontato tra gli altri da Michel de Montaigne in Journal de Voyage. Beato Bernardo di Hildesheim, vescovo Hitler survived, as did everyone else who was shielded from the blast by the conference table leg. Finisce la Guerra del calcio tra El Salvador e Honduras Despite his knowledge of the conspiracy, his formal sentence charged him with poor performance in his duties. Tresckow was appalled at SS murders of Russian prisoners. Edward Wheeler Hall married Frances Noel Stevens on July 20, 1911. Many conspirators were arrested and the dragnet expanded to thousands. San José María Díaz Sanjurjo, vescovo e martire Neurath and Strölin suggested opening immediate surrender negotiations in the West, and, according to Speidel, Rommel agreed to further discussions and preparations. Juli 1944, 20. 1960 – Lo Sri Lanka (all’epoca Ceylon) elegge Sirimavo Bandaranaike come Primo Ministro, è la prima donna al mondo ad essere a capo di un governo 1881 – Guerre indiane: il capo Sioux, Toro Seduto porta gli ultimi fuggitivi del suo popolo alla resa alle truppe statunitensi, a Fort Buford nel Montana [9], On 18 July rumours reached Stauffenberg that the Gestapo had knowledge of the conspiracy and that he might be arrested at any time—this was apparently not true, but there was a sense that the net was closing in and that the next opportunity to kill Hitler must be taken because there might not be another. The conspirators felt they needed the support of a field marshal on active duty. Plotters' demands meant a return to pre-1939 German borders; it seems highly unlikely that the Allies would have accepted such enormous demands. Questa pagina è stata modificata per l'ultima volta l'8 nov 2020 alle 18:44. And the only man who could possibly stave off disaster ... was Adolf Hitler. [15] Likewise, Stauffenberg had already decided that Hitler must be removed after learning of SS murders of prisoners of war and of Jews. 1992Václav Havel si dimette da presidente della Cecoslovacchia San Léon-Ignace Mangin, sacerdote gesuita, martire [81] Consequently, it did not take long for Rommel to come under suspicion. However some others assert that, in such actions, Tresckow had to act out of principle to continue with his coup plans. However, his actions on 20 July had little influence on the events. In 2013, the last surviving member of the plot, Ewald-Heinrich von Kleist-Schmenzin, died in Munich. He was even the natural leader of the opposition in France to some extent, considering the fact he had drawn a lot of military and political personnel into his orbit in preparation of a "Western solution". Finisce la Guerra del calcio tra El Salvador e Honduras There was more confusion when Stauffenberg's aircraft landed and he phoned from the airport to say that Hitler was in fact dead. [17] And long after hopes of any negotiated peace had faded, Tresckow stated: "The assassination must be attempted, coûte que coûte [whatever the cost]. Ecco i prodotti scontati e da non perdere fino al 12 Novembre... Amazon Gioielli offre occasioni imperdibili a prezzi bassi a tutti i clienti. When Tresckow was assigned to the Eastern Front, Stauffenberg took charge of planning and executing the assassination attempt. [23] Stauffenberg, as one of the leaders of the plot, stated five years before the coup in 1939 during the Poland campaign about Poles and Poland: "It is essential that we begin a systemic colonisation in Poland. [44] At 16:40 Stauffenberg and Haeften arrived at the Bendlerblock. [51] Not all of them were connected with the plot, since the Gestapo used the occasion to settle scores with many other people suspected of opposition sympathies. In a similar way, one could argue that the conservative, nationalist resistance circles that grew up during the war years, whose activity culminated in the July 1944 Officers Plot, Resistance and Conformity in the Third Reich Martyn Housden, German Foreign Policy. Goebbels arranged for Hitler to speak to Major Remer, commander of the troops surrounding the Ministry. As Remer regained control of the city and word spread that Hitler was still alive, the less resolute members of the conspiracy in Berlin began to change sides. Übersetzung für 'luglio' im kostenlosen Italienisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen. 1969Programma Apollo: l’Apollo 11 si posa sulla Luna e, poche ore dopo, Neil Armstrong e Buzz Aldrin diventano i primi esseri umani a camminare sulla sua superficie. [88] To Gerlach, the primary motivation of the plotters was to ensure German victory in the war or at least prevent defeat. [21] Some like Friedrich-Werner Graf von der Schulenburg even wanted all of Poland annexed to Germany. "[18], Among demands initially countenanced by the plotters for issue towards the Allies were such points as re-establishment of Germany's 1914 boundaries with Belgium, France and Poland and no reparations. Olbricht suggested that this plan could be used to mobilise the Reserve Army for the purpose of the coup. On 20 July 1944, Claus von Stauffenberg and other conspirators attempted to assassinate Adolf Hitler, Führer of Nazi Germany, inside his Wolf's Lair field headquarters near Rastenburg, East Prussia.The name Operation Valkyrie—originally referring to part of the conspiracy—has become associated with the entire event.. In fact, it was unusual for Himmler to attend military conferences.[9]. Feste e ricorrenze Nazionali [44] The Bendlerblock plotters did not know whom to believe. Santa Maria Fu Guilin, martire Tresckow and the inner circle of plotters had no intention of removing Hitler just to see him replaced by the dreaded and ruthless SS chief, and the plan was to kill them both if possible – to the extent that Stauffenberg's first attempt on 11 July was aborted because Himmler was not present. 1578 – A Roma presso la chiesa di San Giovanni a Porta Latina vengono arrestate undici persone, tutte di sesso maschile.[1]. 1833 – Una folla contraria ai Mormoni distrugge la pressa per il Libro dei comandamenti. Programma Mercury: La Liberty Bell 7 viene ripescata dall’Oceano Atlantico Sant’Andrea Wang Tianqing, fanciullo cinese, martire [80], What is not debated are the results of the failed bomb plot of 20 July. Himmler and the Gestapo were increasingly suspicious of plots against Hitler and rightly suspected the officers of the General Staff, which was indeed the source of many conspiracies against him. [W]hat matters now is that the German resistance movement must take the plunge before the eyes of the world and of history. Both women wore gloves to avoid leaving fingerprints. 1936 – Firma della Convenzione di Montreux. The result was the Wound Badge of 20 July 1944. Gli esempi non sono stati scelti e validati manualmente da noi e potrebbero contenere termini o contenuti non appropriati. Il 20 luglio è il 201º giorno del calendario gregoriano (il 202º negli anni bisestili). Santa Wang-Hoei, martire in Cina In his speech at the event, Theodor Heuss, the first President of the Federal Republic of Germany, said that "harsh words" were necessary, and that "There have been cases of refusal to carry out orders that have achieved historic greatness. 1304 – Edoardo I d’Inghilterra cattura l’ultima roccaforte ribelle delle Guerre d’indipendenza scozzese, il Castello di Stirling Juli 1944 (de); Vụ mưu sát Hitler 20 tháng 7 năm 1944 (vi); Complotul de pe 20 iulie, Complotul de la 20 iulie, Operațiunea Valkiria, Atentatul din 20 iulie 1944 împotriva lui hitler (ro); Operació Valquíria (ca); Заговора от 20 юли, Юлски заговор, Операция Валкирия (bg); Attentatet på Hitler, Attentatet 20. juli 1944, Attentatet den 20. juli (da); 20 Temmuz suikasti, Hitler'e suikast girişimi, 20 Temmuz'da Hitler'e düzenlenen suikast teşebbüsü, Hitler'e suikast teşebbüsü (tr); ヒトラー暗殺未遂事件, 7月20日事件, ヒトラー暗殺未遂, ヒトラー暗殺 (ja); Aanslag op Hitler, Von Stauffenbergcomplot (nl); 20 July plot (ml); Rencana 20 Juli, 20 Juli 1944 (id); Zamach w Wilczym Szańcu (pl); Julikomplottet, 20-juli-attentatet mot Hitler, Rastenburgkonferansen, Operasjon Valkyrie, Attentatforsøket på Adolf Hitler, Attentatet mot Hitler av 20. juli 1944 (nb); 20 Iulii 1944 (la); 7月20日陰謀案, 7月20日事件, 7月20日阴谋案 (zh); Plan Valquiria, Operación Valkiria, Atentado del 20 de julio, Operación Walkiria, Operación Valquiria, Conspiración de julio, Complot del 20 de julio (es); Завера 20. јула, 20. јулска завера (sr); Operaatio Valkyria, Heinäkuun 20. päivän attentaatti (fi); Operación Walkiria (gl); مؤامرة ٢٠ يوليو (ar); Atentát z 20. července 1944, Operace Valkýra, Stauffenbergův pokus o převrat (cs); Растенбургское совещание, Заговор 20 июля 1944, Заговор против Гитлера, Покушения на Гитлера, Июльский заговор (ru), Library of Congress authority ID: sh85061270, 2014-07-20 Das Attentat vom 20.
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